Institutionalized Systematic Review as a Tool for Knowledge Transfer in Sport Management (Summary & Critique)



The article addresses the concept that in many scientific fields, the sports management situation also underlines the growth of scientific production. As such, the abundance and availability of knowledge increases the interest to invest in research synthesis so as to offer complementary research mode besides the endeavors of primary research. This article conducts a systematic review in the sports management field which has not been explored enough so far. At the present, there are no national or international institutions that exist and that can possibly address the systematic review problem in the sport management field. The article utilizes research synthesis in sports management to develop a rigorous and systematic review of knowledge on particular topics and makes sense of the diverse areas of research in making sure that the utilization of the current research findings is done and that there is further development of research in the realm of sport management. The methods involved conducted content analysis and desk research for the various models that are related to systematic reviews. A comparison of the models was also conducted, models which are used for knowledge transfer from the science field to practice in the business world, specifically the business world. On the basis of this knowledge, a model for the systematic knowledge transfer and review was developed which could take a constitutional form was designed, offering a description of the services portfolio of expertise and services, development plan, the policy of interaction as well as communication with the community of users, and the strategy of management.

The results indicated that majority of the developed approaches in the field of systematic review could be observed in the sector of healthcare. The proposed institutional basis to be used in the implementation of the various systematic reviews in organizational structure of sports management in these institutions was explored. The involved organizations were: Center for Reviews and Dissemination; Cochrane Collaboration; The Campbell Collaboration; and The Joanna Briggs Institute. These were subjected to a conceptual framework of the institutionalized review in the management of sport. The framework focused mainly on the Mission and culture following four development stages before proposing a management strategy and organizational structure as well.


The research and review in this article sets the pace for systematic reviews which have not been employed widely enough in the sport management field. The research therefore performs a core responsibility in setting up an institutionalization base that would make it possible for sports management to achieve a similar situation like the sector of health. The paper underlines that the global importance as well as the necessity of systematic review institutionalization in the management of sport is linked to the fact that the concept of sport is a phenomenon that stretches national borderlines and which has significant economic and social dimensions- dimensions which could achieve full potential is they are given the requires organization of sport in perspective.

The content analysis and desk research conducted were thorough enough in the development of a conceptual framework that underlines an institutionalized systematic review in the management of sport. I found the development stages of development stipulated to ensure sustainability and feasibility as useful in the eventual development of the proposed management strategy and organizational structure. This information in this article will be crucial in the sports management field because it will awaken steering groups based on method groups, and collaboration between sports organization in the administration of sport just like in the healthcare sector.

Regarding the proposal made in this article, I think that the proposed institutionalization infrastructure that will enable the corporation of entities in the management of sport will initiate additional management research alongside practice which will be able to address the complications in research synthesis which is plaguing the sport management field. The proposed model is therefore a representation of the first attempt that was ever made to increase the access to international research findings on sports management for the practice of sport in an unbiased manner, which is possible through the use of systematic review methodology in this paper. In the most comprehensive manner, the feedback given by the various stakeholders from the practice of sports management will form the basis as a useful tool that will assist in overcoming the gap that exist between practice and research, which is a fact that has come under heavy critic in the most recent times. It is therefore possible to draw research innovations from the proposed infrastructure, which are connected to knowledge development of transfer science, translational research, and implementation science in the sports management field. In fact, I recollected that application of the principles that underline translational research findings in the field of sports management would not only enable transferable understanding of emergent knowledge in the sports management field for further research purposes but as well will translate research results in the field of sports management practice, and decision making in the day-to-day setting.

I think that if more systematic review cases were involved in the research the practical implication of the paper would be accomplished with the help of the desk research. In this regard then, the systematic review of more cases of the sport management achievement research that are conducted in the international platform and within the institutionalized collaborating entity framework would be able to enable and create an even easier access to the most recent relevant information of the diverse sport management facets for the variety of stakeholders of the sports sector both internationally and nationally. However, with the number of systematic reviews conducted and the analysis through desk research, the paper was able to establish enough practical implication which can be utilized widely in the field of sports management. For instance, the infrastructure which is proposed will be able to provide access to results in the international arena in the realm of sports management for the practice of sport in a way such that bias is eliminated- thanks to using the systematic review methodology. However, I deduce that research synthesis will be needed as a valuable resource to provide information for direction in the future in the research on sports management.